The Medical termination of pregnancy act is a legal provision made by the Indian law to abort or terminate an unwanted pregnancy, which can be injurious to the mental or physical health of the mother or child. However, terminating a pregnancy is medically risky beyond a certain time. Hence, the law does not permit termination of pregnancies that have progressed beyond 20 weeks.
Unwanted pregnancies include those occurring due to any of the following reasons:
The objective of medical termination of pregnancy act is to
The MTP act was passed in the Rajya Sabha in 1971. It came in effect in 1972, which was revised in 1975.
Medical termination of pregnancy act amendment 2002 was passed with certain positive changes to decrease the number of unsafe abortions. MTP act 2003 (amended) aimed at transferring the authority from state to district level for approving the set-up of maximum MTP centers in primary healthcare centers, especially in remote areas. This was done to decrease the number of illegal abortions.
A bill was drafted for the amendment (minor positive changes) of section 3 of MTP act 1971 in 2014. The medical termination of pregnancy act provisions for the bill drafted in 2014 stated extension in the limit of termination of pregnancy from 20 weeks to 24 weeks in special conditions like certain medical conditions in which the child may suffer after birth or pregnancy arising from rape.
Medical termination of pregnancy act in India is the right granted by law to every woman in the country. It aims to safeguard the physical and mental health of women in cases of unwanted pregnancy. However, the MTP act does not permit termination of a pregnancy that encourages gender bias. It is a punishable criminal offence to abort the pregnancy of a girl child in the court of law.
Disclaimer: The information in the article is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your doctor.