Women are more prone to an urinary tract infection (UTI infection), with some women getting infections for years on end. If you have been repeatedly suffering from a UTI, then read on to know how you can avoid them.
An UTI infection occurs when there is growth of bacteria anywhere along the urinary tract i.e. in the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. For diagnostic purposes, the urinary tract is divided into 2 parts- the upper part comprising of kidneys and ureters and the lower part composed of bladder and the urethra.
Urinary tract infections are more common in women and girls than men and boys younger than 50 years. A shorter urethra in women is the cause of increased risk of urinary infections.
Urine is normally sterile. When bacteria get into the urine, infections begin to develop. The bacteria gain entry into the system through the urethra and ascend upwards into the urinary tract.
Urinary tract infection causes:
Urinary tract infection symptoms:
Mostly, urine infection treatment is done by the primary care physician or gynaecologist. If the infection is recurrent, the family physician may refer the patient to a specialist doctor. The treatment for simple and complicated UTI infections is antibiotics. The type of antibiotics and duration of treatment vary from person to person. The physician will provide the best medication suited for every patient. In usual cases, a 3 day antibiotic course is enough where as some cases require a 7 day course of antibiotics. Children may be given a 10 day course of antibiotics.
It is possible to prevent a urinary tract infection.
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