When you notice a rash on your child's body, you are bound to get a little anxious. What could be the cause? Is it serious? Should you take your child to the doctor? All these questions chase each other in your mind.
You will be relieved to know that skin rashes in children are quite common. And, they are usually not due to a serious condition. Most often, rashes go away on their own. All you need to do is try and reduce the itching and discomfort your child is facing.
What causes a rash to break out? We have tried to demystify the subject for you. Read on to find out the seven most common causes of skin rashes in children.
It is less common nowadays because of vaccines being available, but every mother dreads chicken pox. A highly contagious viral infection, it brings on a rash which is more like a collection of blisters. Managing chicken pox involves trimming your child's fingernails to prevent scratching. To reduce the itching, apply calamine lotion on the affected area.
In peak summer, because of heat and humidity, adults and kids alike develop rashes arising from prickly heat. It is caused by blocked sweat ducts in the skin. The best way to deal with it is to dress your child in clothes that keep the skin cool and dry. Avoid ointments, as they keep the skin warm and moist and may worsen the condition. However, medicated powders can bring relief.
Most babies get diaper rashes at some time or the other despite you taking preventive measures. This happens because the sensitive skin of your baby comes into close contact with pee and poo. Frequent change of diapers and application of diaper cream are what you should do to tackle the problem. Also, it is essential to leave your baby diaper-free for several hours of the day.
Also called urticaria, this rash is worrisome if it is accompanied by wheezing. If that happens, take your child to the doctor immediately. Usually caused by an allergy, hives are treated with antihistamines. Among the skin rashes in children, hives are one of the most common types.
Your child might get bitten by insects - ants or mosquitoes - at home, or he wanders into the garden. This could result in a rash. Clean the bitten area, use a cold compress to treat swelling, and apply a soothing lotion. For bee and wasp stings, it is better to consult a doctor.
If your child is allergic to a certain food or cosmetics, it may result in a rash caused by contact dermatitis. At times, doctors may have to prescribe a topical steroid to treat the condition.
Eczema is common in children with allergies or asthma. Unlike other skin rashes in children, this is a chronic condition. Lubricating creams help in treating the condition but sometimes topical steroids are required.
Skin rashes in children are not usually something to worry about. However, if they worsen, last longer than a week, are accompanied by fever or show signs of being infected, it is better to consult a physician.