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The New Adoption Process In India

Building a family through adoption can be one of the most satisfying and rewarding experiences life has to offer and it will, without a doubt, change the life of the family and child forever. The adoption process in our country, which was roller coaster ride for prospective parents (PAPs), has now become a cakewalk with the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development modifying the guidelines of adoption. The new adoption guidelines have simplified the process and it now basically consists of the steps mentioned below:

ADOPTION PROCEDURE FOR RESIDENT INDIANS
1. The process begins with the Prospective Adoptive Parents (PAPs) registering themselves with Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance system (CARING) 

2. The PAPs can select a state for adoption, choose a Specialized Adoption Agency (SAA) for getting their home study conducted.

3. Subject to being declared eligible in the home study report, the PAPs, based on seniority (date of registration), get to view the profile and pictures of up to six children. From amongst these children, the PAPs can reserve one child within forty eight hours' time. The PAPs have fifteen days to approve the reserved child. During these fifteen days, the SAA will organize a meeting for them with an Adoption Committee to assess their suitability, as well as a meeting with the child.

4. Assuming they are deemed suitable by the Adoption Committee and they accept the reserved child, Subsequent formalities for the legalization of the Adoption are initiated by the SAA in which houses the Reserved Child

5. PAP's can track their application online through CARA website.

ADOPTION PROCEDURE FOR INTER-COUNTRY ADOPTIONS
1. Non-resident Indian PAPs are treated at par with Indians living in India in terms of priority for adoption. Overseas citizens of India and foreign prospective adoptive parents living in a country which is a signatory to the Hague Adoption Convention can also adopt Indian children.

2. The procedure is similar to the above mentioned one, except that they need to approach the concerned authorised foreign adoption agency or central authority, as the case may be, for preparation of their home study report.

3. The prospective parents are then shown profiles of two children after the home study report declares them eligible. They can reserve one child within ninety six hours. After that they have thirty days to accept the reserved child.

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