I'm Dr. Vaishali Joshi and I'm a consulting Obstetrician and gynecologist practising at Cloud Nine Hospital. I have been specialising in high risk pregnancies, laparoscopic advanced surgeries for 20 years, 14 of which for in UK and 6 in Mumbai.
Pregnancy is a healthy state of body and not a disease. Eat whatever you eat regularly just ensure that it is a complete balanced diet. From 28 week onwards you can have small meals frequently.
Bleeding no matter how mild should not be ignored. Consult your doctor immediately to check if it affects the baby.
Cases of low haemoglobin are common in India. Eat iron rich foods like carrot, ragi, dates, beetroot, etc. Apart from food also supplement your diet with folic acid, B12 tablets. If tablets are ineffective then you can opt for infusion injections. It's nothing serious if addressed on time.
Lead an active lifestyle. Baby and mother's fitness is a must. Practice antenatal exercises. Practice exercises specifically targeting birth canal and pelvic area. Target should not be normal delivery but healthy baby and healthy pregnancy
Post delivery pain is called post party arthralgia. About 30% to 40% women suffer from it. It's an effect of pregnancy hormones which stay in body even post delivery. The pain should subside in 2-3 months. Consult your doctor for painkillers
It's a common problem during pregnancy. However you should get your thyroid and haemoglobin levels checked. Drink plenty of water and refreshing drinks like lemonade and ORS. Eat small meals frequently. Take half hour walks to improve general health, cardio and blood circulation. Lead a healthy lifestyle and you'll gradually recover your energy.
The backache isn't related to delivery. Most women experience aches due to injection. The pain will subside. Follow your doctor's advice. Till the pain subsides don't bend, squat or stress your back. Take calcium supplements.
With the growth of baby, fluid becomes low. There are sonography tests and computerized scans to monitor the overall health of the baby. As long as your doctor advises that the baby is fine you don't have to worry.
The dynamics inside the body are changing. The pelvis is also expanding to accommodate the growing baby. Due to these reasons, pain will be there. It's nothing abnormal.
There are several deciding factors. The major one being the reason the previous delivery was done via C-section. If the mother goes into labour the doctor may decide to have a trial for vaginal birth. There's 70% chances of this. At the end the objective is to choose an action which is best for mother and baby both.
Its very important to take calcium and iron supplements regularly at this stage.
It's safe to wait 6-8 weeks to give the mother time to recover her health. Lactation period usually acts as a natural contraception but there's still a high chance of conceiving during this period. It's extremely important to use a barrier to prevent conception.
If you have a history of miscarriage the its best to avoid. Consult your doctor.
Yes. Due to hormonal changes, even minor things can cause pain and stress and make the mother vulnerable and volatile. At this stage it's important for her partner to be empathetic, patient and supportive.
It's quite normal. If it's consistency is thicker than usually, foul smelling or coloured then there's a possibility of infection. Consult your doctor.
There's no conclusive evidence showing that travelling adversely affects the health of the mother and child. Public transport is OK. Avoid bikes and scooters. If you have any health complications then consult your doctor. Nowadays ‘babymoon’ is trending. Enjoy your pregnancy to the fullest with domestic travels. International travels should not be allowed beyond 28 weeks.
It takes 6 months or more to come back to previous size. You can aid the process by exercising to regain ab muscles and wearing corset to support back. However, exercise regime should only be started after three months from delivery.
If the stomach skin itches then it's normal. It occurs since skin is being stretched by a lot. However if itching is concentrated in soles of feet and palms then consult your doctor immediately for a liver function test. Use oil or moisturizer to deal with itchiness.
Intestine function gets hampered during pregnancy. It can be due to iron tablets or also due to growing uterus. Avoid outside food as it hampers growth of healthy gut bacteria. Consult your doctor for medicines.
It is a common problem during pregnancy. Practice back exercises and yoga under proper guidance.
The pain sometimes stays for 2-3 months. It occurs due to improper healing or improperly administered stitches. Consult your doctor. Meanwhile you can apply olive oil or coconut oil to keep the skin moisturized.
The umbilical cord connects baby to the mother for exchange of nutrients and waste. It sometimes gets tangled with the baby but it's not always fatal. As long as you can hear a regular heartbeat then baby is safe. If heartbeat is slowing down then C-section may be required. Consult your doctor for advice.
It's a case of missed miscarriage. If the baby is not growing with all healthy parameters, it gets terminated by the body naturally. There are several reasons for this. Major causes are chromosomal defects like extra chromosome, defects in genetic material mixing, etc. In such cases the body stops supporting the fetus. The cause must be analysed properly by doctors to ensure safe pregnancy next time.
It is a very common experience due to weight gain. Eat small meals frequently to aid digestion. Hydrate your body with salt/sugar drinks. Ensure that you are consuming 3-3.5 litres of water everyday. Exercise regularly and take calcium supplements.
Before planning pregnancy, consult a specialist. Sugar should be normal otherwise it will affect organ formation in baby.
Keep up with proper diet and it can increase afterwards. In initial stages, it remains stagnant or decreases due to vomiting. By 9th month you should reach your targeted weight.
Also read: Hormonal Changes During Pregnancy#pregnancymustknow