1 Apr 2022 | 4 min Read
Author | 320 Articles
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that begins in the first few years after birth. It is a developmental condition related to brain development that can affect how a person behaves, interacts, and communicates.
It also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behaviour.
Healthcare professionals have used the term ‘autism spectrum disorder’ because autism is a spectrum that refers to the wide range of symptoms and severity.
Those with mild ASD are fully functional in their daily lives. While, having severe forms of ASD may require ongoing care and support for the entire lives.
The early diagnosis enables parents (of autistic children) to begin communication, social, and sensory therapies that are crucial to the child’s development. This in turn can help improve an autistic child’s development, language, and interactive skills.
According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), autism is diagnosed more often in boys than in girls.
Here’s a guide to identify autism in a toddler. Read on to know more.
Some of the symptoms of autism in toddlers are:
According to researchers, as autism has several characteristics, it might have different causes.
In addition to these, babies born before 26 weeks of gestation might have a greater risk of this disorder.
However, research into the causes of autism is still ongoing.
Sometimes, ASD can be noticeable from birth, usually the lack of linguistic and social abilities surface after a year or two.
The sooner autism is diagnosed, the sooner you can help your little one cope with the disorder.
Diagnosis of autism involves:
According to the American Academy of Paediatrics (AAP), an austic child undergoes ASD screening at the age of 18 to 24 months.
Screening can help identify ASD in children earlier than later and they may benefit from early diagnosis and support. Other screening tools for autism include the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT).
The doctor might recommend a combination of tests for autism, including:
Some of the therapies of autism that can be useful are:
There is no way to prevent autism. However, treatment of autism spectrum disorder can be useful. Early diagnosis and intervention are helpful and can improve behaviour, skills and language development.
Although austic children usually don’t outgrow the symptoms of autism, they might still learn to function well.