First 6 months: Only breast milk. No Water-even on a very hot day. Frequently urination (6 times or more in 24 hours) by an exclusively breastfed baby indicates that the baby is getting enough milk as well as water from the mother.
From 7th Month Onwards: Breastfeeding to continue. Add following foods as advised. Start boiled and cooled water with a small glass. No need for use of bottle at any age.
Mashed Banana: A quarter banana to begin with. Increase by quarter every succeeding week to the limit accepted. You can interchange banana with apple (Cut peeled apple into small bites; boil it: mash in a mixer or with spoon). Other seasonal fruits like pears (boiled), papaya, mango, chikoo etc. can also be given.
Porridge: Can be added a week after starting fruits. Home made suji kheer (rava kheer) or thin seera with ghee or dalia from broken wheat or ragi (nachni), or soaked bread in milk or mashed boiled rice with milk or phirni made from rice powder and milk should be recipe can be made by roasting, grinding and mixing equal parts of rice and wheat, nachni (ragi) and moong dal. The mixed powder is stored in an air tight container. This readymade powder can be used for making thin kheer with milk and sugar or thin sheera (halwa) with ghee and sugar (or salt); one or two teaspoons are given twice a day after a breastfeed in morning and evening. Keep increasing every 3rd or 4th day to the amount accepted by your baby.
Soft Boiled Egg: (for those who eat egg): Add a week later. Boil the egg in water for three minutes and then cool in running water. Commence with one teaspoon of the yellow portion. Generally increase by teaspoon increment adding the white of egg so that baby may use. The whole egg in about 4 weeks from commencement.
Mashed and well-cooked Vegetables: Add a week later, with ghee or butter or cooking oil. Begin with 2 to 4 teaspoons and increase progressively (Dark green leafy vegetables, carrots and pumpkin are preferable items.)
Mashed and Well Cooked Khichri or Rice and Dal: Add 1-2 weeks later, ghee or cooking oil better. Begin with 2 - 4 teaspoons and increase to quantity accepted by the baby.
The above suggestions are made to develop more tastes and increase quantity as per the amount accepted by the baby. Patience and perseverance are the keywords. In case you have started giving solids to a bigger baby, you can begin with a smaller amount and increase rapidly. Gradually let the child have other foods like chapati soaked in dal, bone marrow; minced meat etc.
1. In families with history of allergy (Asthma, Eczema), avoid addition of artificial milk, egg, cocoa preparations (like chocolate) juices and wheat preparation until the completion of 6 months. With a strong family history of allergy, it may even be better to avoid all foods other than breast milk in the first 6 months of life.
2. Vegetarians should note that non-vegetarian food is not essential.
3. Ready cereals like Farex, Cerelac and Nestum are not recommended.
After 1 Year: Mother’s milk should be continued in the second year. Cow’s or buffalo’s milk though not essential, can be given from a glass (2-3 times). Gradually let the child get used to adult food made at home. Children who do not eat enough at a time should be offered food and fruits every 2-3 hours, but do not force.
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Source: The above information has been provided by Association for Consumers Action on Safety and Health in consultation with the below listed doctors.
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