Dehydration occurs when your body does not have enough water to maintain its usual functions. This happens when your water intake is not enough to replace your water loss. Excessive sweating, intense breathing due to vigorous activities, and hot weather can cause dehydration. Other common causes include vomiting, diarrhea, and fevers. Mild to moderate dehydration often does not require hospitalization. Severe cases of dehydration may require treatment from emergency personnel.
The body needs water to carry out a large variety of processes in the body. If your body is dehydrated, it cannot function properly and there can be several short-term and long-term consequences.
Signs and Symptoms
Mild or moderate dehydration;can lead to:
a dry or sticky mouth or tongue
dark-colored urine or decreased urination
dizziness, nausea, headaches
dry skin, including chapped lips
sleepiness or tiredness
Severe dehydration;can lead to:
inability to sweat or produce tears
little to no urine production
rapid heartbeat or low blood pressure
What Can Be Done
The simplest and most effective way to treat dehydration is to increase the amount of water and fluids in the body. Most cases of mild or moderate dehydration can be resolved with the oral intake of water. More severe cases of dehydration may require intravenous (IV) hydration, where water and electrolyte levels are replenished through a vein, which would take effect much more quickly than by oral intake.
A simple method to keep yourself hydrated is to keep a water bottle with you at all times and sip it throughout the day.;
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