'In a conversation with a senior gynecologist from W Pratiksha Hospital in Gugaon, Dr Ragini Agarwal explains how and why must you steer away from High blood pressure during pregnancy.'
What causes hypertension during pregnancy? What precautions to take if a pregnant mother is diagnosed with hypertension?
A person has high blood pressure (or Hypertension) when the Systolic pressure (the top number in BP reading) is greater than 140mmHg and the diastolic pressure (the bottom number) is greater than 90mm Hg. Hypertension can lead to many health problems. During pregnancy, severe and uncontrolled hypertension can cause complications to both the mother and baby.
What causes high blood pressure in pregnancy?
Symptoms to watch out for: As an expecting mother, you may have severe headache, swelling over face and hands, changes in vision, vomiting, pain in upper abdomen or decrease in urine output.
You could be faced with pre-eclampsia in any of the following conditions:
Your baby in the womb may suffer from the following if you have High BP during pregnancy and it is not treated adequately:
Hence, it is very important to watch out your blood pressure even as you are planning to conceive.
Precautions that you must take to avoid high blood pressure during pregnancy:
1. BEFORE PREGNANCY
• Keep the blood pressure under control. Reduce salt intake and exercise regularly. If BMI (Body Mass Index) is above 23, reducing weight is a key to bring your Blood Pressure within control.
• Inform your doctor if you are planning pregnancy so that he can alter your medication
2. DURING PREGNANCY
• Follow a diet which is low in salts (avoid processed foods, pickles, pappad etc.) and eat food rich in vitamin C, D and antioxidants.
• Exercise regularly. Walk and practice Yoga, if possible, and keep weight gain under control.
• Avoid alcohol and tobacco intake.
• Go for antenatal checkups with your obstetrician and make sure that Blood Pressure and urine are examined in each checkup.
Points to Remember:
Breast-feeding is encouraged for most women who have high blood pressure, even those who take medication. Discuss any medication adjustments you'll need to make with your health care provider ahead of time. Sometimes, an alternate blood pressure medication is recommended. Your health care provider might also recommend that you avoid breast-feeding right after you take your medication.
This article is sponsored by: W Pratiksha Hospital
To consult Dr Ragini Agarwal in person, click here.