Placental abruption is the sudden breaking away i.e. abruption of the placenta from the wall of the uterus before the birth of the baby. The placenta connects the baby and the uterus of the mother and begins to develop within the first two weeks of conception. It provides all the necessary nutrition for the growing foetus. Normally, the placenta separates from the uterus during delivery when the baby is born, and is pushed out from the body through the vagina.
When the placenta partially or completely separates from the uterus before the baby is born, it is called placental abruption. A ruptured placenta or a tear in placenta can occur anytime during pregnancy, but is more common during the last trimester.
The signs of placental abruption vary widely in terms of intensity and in being discernible. They may be mild or quite severe. However, irrespective of the severity of symptoms, it is a serious condition. It is critical to seek immediate medical help if you suspect a tear in placenta or have one or more of the following symptoms, especially in the last trimester of your pregnancy:
Placental abruption causes are not well defined and vary widely. Many times placental abruption may occur for no known reason.
The treatment for placental abruption depends both on the severity of the injury and the gestational age of the foetus.
Also read: Low Lying Placenta: Facts You Should Know!
Explore the entire collection of articles: Pregnancy Must Know