Typhoid (typhoid fever) is a serious infection caused by the bacteria, Salmonella typhi. It is usually spread by contaminated food or water. Some people who get the disease can spread the disease to others, and are known as ‘carriers’. These carriers can spread the germs for a long duration even after treatment.
Symptoms of the disease include high fever (up to 102°F - 104°F), headache, muscle ache, stomach pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, constipation or diarrhea, and occasionally, a characteristic rash of small pink spots over the torso of the body. If untreated, typhoid fever can even lead to death. Vaccination from typhoid can prevent it.
There are three types of typhoid vaccines available:
If a Vi PS vaccine is used, it should be given at 2 years of age and revaccination should be done every 3 years. It should not be given in children younger than 2 years of age.
Talk to your doctor about when to give your child the typhoid vaccine.