8 Mar 2022 | 5 min Read
Author | 22 Articles
What Is Baby Eczema?
Baby eczema, also called infantile eczema, mostly appears in the first six months of your baby’s life. However, it may also occur in infants and toddlers at any age.
Baby eczema presents a group of conditions such as red, dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. Read on to know the causes, symptoms, and risk factors of eczema in babies and remedies to treat and prevent the condition.
What Are The Causes of Baby Eczema?
While the exact cause of baby eczema remains unknown, evidence suggests that environmental and genetic factors play a vital role in the development of this condition.
Eczema is often associated with the lack of a skin barrier protein, called Fillagrin. This skin barrier protein is responsible for protecting the skin from bacteria and environmental irritants, by preventing their entry into the skin surface.
Most children suffering from this condition have too little of this crucial skin barrier protein in their skin.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms of Baby Eczema?
Here are some of the signs and symptoms of baby eczema:
What Are The Different Types of Baby Eczema?
Eczema has different types, although the skin rash may appear similar. The various types of eczema include:
What Are The Risk Factors?
The risk of baby eczema is high in the following cases:
What Does Eczema In Babies Look Like?
Parents are likely to notice skin rashes first, spread all over the body or in one particular area. You may also notice flaky skin, raised bumps, or circular rashes.
These rashes will probably look dry and red, and there will be a significant change in their appearance over time. Also, remember, the affected location and the type of eczema rash may vary for different age groups.
Where Does The Rash Appear in Babies?
Here are some areas where eczema rash appears in babies:
Can Breastfeeding Cause Baby Eczema?
Many studies have found that breastfeeding can prevent atopic dermatitis in babies. Since breast milk contains essential compounds, it helps increase the baby’s immune function and decreases their sensitivity.
However, the American Academy of Pediatrics, recommends breastfeeding mums to avoid the consumption of allergic foods, if their babies are at risk of developing eczema.
Some studies have also determined that lactating mothers who consumed probiotics and dietary supplements such as Omega-3, showed beneficial effects in preventing eczema in babies.
When Should You See A Doctor?
If you notice skin rashes or eczema symptoms in your baby, do ensure to consult your medical advisor immediately. They can diagnose the cause and prescribe an effective treatment.
You must seek immediate medical care if:
Some Home Remedies for Eczema
Although there is no permanent cure for eczema, you can manage these symptoms by using baby moisturisers and following a customised skincare routine, as prescribed by your doctor. Apart from that, you can try the following home treatments:
Try to eliminate the possible triggers of your baby’s skin condition, such as food allergies and environmental pollutants, pet dander, fragrance-infused babycare products, and more. A paediatric dermatologist can help you identify some of the factors.
The use of proper bathing techniques can remove dirt and irritants from your baby’s body. Always wash your baby with lukewarm water and use fragrance-free and gentle cleansers.
Use a thick baby moisturiser after the bath, and ensure to moisturise their skin twice a day.
Seek help from your paediatrician to establish a proper eczema management plan and choose gentle products for your baby’s skin. Sticking to these measures can ensure positive results.