19 May 2022 | 6 min Read
Author | 484 Articles
Sleep, or lack of sleep is a common concern for parents. Parents understand that the well-being of everyone in the house can depend on the child’s sleep schedule. It is important that babies and children of all age groups get enough sleep as the lack of it, can cause behavioural problems, learning problems and trouble in focusing. Let’s have a look at the age-wise sleeping schedule for kids that can keep them healthy.
The right amount of sleep that a child needs varies by age. While every child is different, here’s what experts recommend:
Newborns need to sleep anywhere between 14–17 hours which also includes naps.
A newborn baby commonly naps for about 3-4 hours during the day which is very normal. While this nap time decreases as they get older, they still nap for at least 2-3 hours or more each day.
Naptime helps the baby consolidate specific memories while also benefiting them in learning and brain development.
Additionally, premature babies generally need more sleep than babies who were born at full term. It is common for them to spend almost 90% of their time sleeping.
Healthy Sleeping Tips for Newborn
At the age of 4-12 months, babies need about 12-16 hours of sleep every day. It can also be at an average of 14 hours a day. However, a little more or less can also be normal. Once your baby is about four months, they require about three naps in a day which is during the morning, afternoon and early evening.
Babies between 6 and 12 months might take 2 long naps during the morning and afternoon instead of three naps during the day. However, each baby has a different napping need and some can even nap as little as 20 minutes to more than three hours at a time.
Healthy Sleeping Tips for Infants
Toddlers must sleep between 11 and 14 hours every day. Their napping duration decreases to about 1-2 hours each day. While some toddlers take two naps during the day, it is totally normal for them to take only an afternoon nap too.
Healthy Sleeping Habits for Toddlers
As per the NSF, preschoolers between the ages of 3 and 5 years need to sleep for at least 10-13 hours. The naps may get shorter or there might be days when they do not nap at all.
Healthy Sleeping Habits for Preschoolers
It is recommended that school-age children between 6 to 13 years of age should sleep for about 9-11 hours every day. Additionally, younger school-age children normally need more sleep than those children who are approaching high school. As per the AASM, the sleep duration can be up to 12 hours.
Healthy Sleeping Habits for School-age Children
Teens are recommended to sleep for 8 to 10 hours. However, their sleep patterns change as they enter adolescence which may affect their sleep. As the body’s internal biological clock referred to as the body’s circadian rhythm resets, some teens tend to wake up later and sleep later.
As during night the brain produces the hormone melatonin in teens, it can make it harder for them to fall asleep. Additionally, electronic devices like cell phones, laptops and tablets makes it hard to fall asleep.
Healthy Sleeping Habits for Teens
If your child isn’t getting enough sleep, he or she may:
Parents can talk to a paediatrician if they have concerns regarding their sleep. Additionally, parents can track the child’s sleep patterns using a sleep diary to help the doctor determine whether the baby has a normal sleep or if there’s a sleeping problem.
Parents can reduce the speed of response to their babies awakenings at night to help them learn self-soothing. Additionally, pushing back the bedtime might also help your baby stay asleep for longer.
Ensure that the baby has a calm and quiet environment for sleeping along with a consistent sleep schedule. To maintain the infant sleep hygiene, also consider important safety measures that help your infant not have a risk of suffocation and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Cover image credit – BabyCenter