27 Jul 2022 | 3 min Read
Author | 511 Articles
Pregnancy gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums and is common during pregnancy. According to the reports of the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), pregnancy gingivitis affects 60% to 75% of pregnant women. Swollen, red, puffy, tender and bleeding gums are some of the signs of pregnancy gingivitis.
It is caused by an increase in oestrogen and progesterone levels. Although these hormones help your baby grow and develop, they also cause several changes to your body and one of these changes includes increased inflammation of your gums. During pregnancy, the surge of these hormones in your body makes you more susceptible to dental problems including gingivitis. The good news is that there are ways to prevent pregnancy gingivitis.
Thankfully, pregnancy gingivitis is relatively easy to prevent. Some of the ways to prevent pregnancy gingivitis are:
A toothpaste that contains fluoride provides an extra barrier of protection. You should use a soft toothbrush that won’t irritate your tender gums.
You can also make sure that you’re flossing at least once each day as it helps catch any trapped food particles and bacteria.
It is recommended that you should eat a variety of:
A balanced diet will promote your gum’s health and will also make you stay healthy.
It might reduce the inflammation from gingivitis and heal your gums. You can dilute a teaspoon of salt into a cup of warm water and swish this mixture around in your mouth a few times and then spit it out.
It is advisable to check with your obstetrician before you have your dental appointment to see if he/ she has any special precautions for you.
You should right away consult your dentist if you notice tenderness, bleeding, or gum swelling.
Some major medical studies have shown that there is a link between pregnancy gingivitis and premature birth. According to the researchers of a study who published their results in The Journal of the American Dental Association, expecting women with pregnancy gingivitis were at an increased risk of delivering prematurely (before week 37) and having underweight babies than pregnant women with healthy gums.