Vomiting during pregnancy is usually self-limiting but can be a troublesome symptom faced by many women making this otherwise joyful period taxing. Commonly known as morning sickness, a pregnant woman may experience nausea/vomiting at any time of the day. In few women, it may even occur throughout the day.
Some ladies experience just nausea, no vomiting during pregnancy, while others face both nausea and vomiting. A handful might also experience headache and dizziness coupled with morning sickness.
A few women experience vomiting so severe that it needs treatment and occasionally, hospitalization too. This condition is called hyperemesis gravidarum.
Vomiting with or without nausea in pregnancy typically begins in the first trimester, as early as the second week of pregnancy. It usually continues up to the 4th month of pregnancy. However, some women keep vomiting during pregnancy for all the 9 months.
Among various reasons, vomiting in pregnancy due to hormonal changes occurring in the body after conception has been attributed as the main cause for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.
Vomiting during pregnancy period is likely to occur in women, who also suffered with nausea and vomiting before pregnancy due to conditions like migraine, motion sickness, previous pregnancy, etc.
Research shows that the rate of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is high in women -
Vomiting during pregnancy treatment
The Food and Drug Act (FDA) strongly warns and does not recommend use of any medicine for treating vomiting during pregnancy for the possibility of harmful effects on the growing fetus.
Doxylamine is usually prescribed by doctor that can help with vomiting during pregnancy. The drug is to be used only under proper medical supervision.
Vitamin B6 is the first choice of treatment used for coping with vomiting during pregnancy. It helps in decreasing the symptoms of morning sickness.
Severe vomiting (hyperemesis gravidarum) may require intravenous fluids to replace the fluid loss and prevent dehydration.
Dealing with vomiting in pregnancy involves changes in diet and drinking habits. These include:
Risks of Vomiting in pregnancy
Mild degree of vomiting during pregnancy is not a risk to either the mother’s or the baby’s health. Severe projectile vomiting during pregnancy (hyperemesis gravidarum) can cause minute tears in the food pipe leading to vomiting of blood.
Hyperemesis gravidarum needs well-timed treatment as it can lead to dehydration and weight loss in the pregnant woman.
Vomiting during pregnancy a good sign: Morning sickness, though a bothersome symptom of pregnancy, is considered as a good sign because it signifies hormonal changes that are favorable for the baby’s health. It is considered to be a positive sign that the baby is growing with the advancing pregnancy.
Vomiting during pregnancy occurs due to hormonal changes in the expecting mom’s body. However, in cases of severe and prolonged vomiting associated with other symptoms like loose motions, fever, etc., it necessary to evaluate the condition under doctor’s supervision immediately. Other conditions that can cause vomiting are gastro-esophageal reflux, infection in stomach, etc. which require a complete evaluation and appropriate treatment to prevent complications during pregnancy.
Disclaimer: The information in the article is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your doctor.