Can Endometriosis Create Complications During Pregnancy?
Endometriosis symptoms can often be worrisome, especially if you are planning a family. The tissue which lines the inside of your uterus is known as an endometrium. During menstruation this lining is shed from the uterus under the action of the various hormones. Endometriosis is a condition where this endometrium grows outside of the uterus, usually in the surrounding parts like the ovaries or the fallopian tubes. This leads to pain, bleeding and other complications, most common of which is infertility.
Endometriosis and getting pregnant
The link between endometriosis and infertility is significant. One third to one half women with endometriosis face fertility issues. Your age, health and how severe the endometriosis is, determines your chances of getting pregnant and carrying the baby to term. Treatment may not be required in women with mild to moderate endometriosis to get pregnant. Some doctors advise women not to wait too long to have a baby as the condition may get worse with time.
Some women experience symptomatic relief when they get pregnant while some may experience worsening of symptoms.
Endometriosis complications in pregnancy
Pregnant women with endometriosis pose a high risk of developing pregnancy and delivery related complications which might include the following:
- Miscarriage: Rates of miscarriage are known to be higher in women with endometriosis. There is little that can be done in such cases.
- Premature birth: Premature babies tend to have a low birth weight and are also prone to health and developmental issues.
- Placenta is the part attached to the uterus during pregnancy which supplies oxygen and nutrition to the baby. Endometriosis increases the risk of rupturing the placenta before delivery of the baby.
- Ectopic pregnancy: This a condition where the fertilized egg gets attached elsewhere in the fallopian tube or ovaries rather than in the uterus leading to failure of a successful pregnancy and further complications.
- Preeclampsia: It is a condition during pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure.
- Premature rupture of membrane: The amniotic sac which holds the baby, ruptures before actual labor leading to leaking of amniotic fluid in this condition. This makes way for infection to the mother, baby and other complications.
- Hemorrhage: Increased bleeding during or after pregnancy which may even be fatal, if not critically managed.
To prevent extreme consequences, it is imperative that the pregnant woman is constantly monitored by her gynecologist throughout the pregnancy for early detection and management of possible complications.
Also read: What Are The Symptoms Of Endometriosis?
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