Pregnancy is a vulnerable time and great care is required to keep things on track. In order to track the progress of pregnancy, several tests are carried out. One such important test is the viability scan.
A viability scan, more commonly known as the early viability scan or the pregnancy viability scan, is an ultrasound examination which is conducted at around 6-10 weeks of pregnancy. The main objective of this scan is to determine the number of embryos which are present in the uterus and whether the pregnancy is normal or not.
The viability scan is also recommended to women who are experiencing abnormal pain and bleeding or who have previously had miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies.
The viability scan is usually a trans-abdominal scan which can also help in confirming the conception and determining a due date as well. This scan can also be useful when checking for twins.
The pregnancy viability scan is usually carried out trans-abdominally. This means that it is done externally and over the belly.
However, for women who have a possible risk of ectopic pregnancy or have a history of early miscarriage, a 6-7 week scan may be done trans-vaginally. If the scan is carried out at such an early stage, it is hard to detect the heartbeat.
When the pregnancy viability scan is carried out at 7-11 weeks, the following information can be determined:
This scan is offered to all the pregnant women who are 7-11 weeks into the pregnancy. Although, not compulsory it is extremely important. This scan allows one to be sure that there are no early complications which the baby and hence getting the scan done is highly recommended.
The viability scan in India usually costs up to INR 2000. However, in government hospitals the scan test can be done for free or at a nominal fee.
Also read: The Nuchal Translucency Scan