Anemia In Pregnancy

During pregnancy, your body needs a variety of nutrients in additional amounts to support the nutritional needs of you and your baby. If nutrients are not provided adequately, the body becomes deficient. e.g. low hemoglobin during pregnancy, known as anemia, is common and is caused by iron deficiency.


Causes of anemia in pregnancy


Iron plays an important role in the production of blood and carrying oxygen to the tissues. Your body needs double the amount of iron during pregnancy to produce extra blood for you and your baby. Iron is also stored by the baby to keep it healthy after birth and to prevent anemia. Since hemoglobin is directly linked to iron levels, reduced iron levels can cause anemia. Loss of blood due to an ulcer or other reasons can also cause anemia.


Signs of anemia during pregnancy


Signs of anemia can be mild in the beginning, but could worsen later. It is important to notice them and treat appropriately. Some common signs of anemia are:

 

  • Tiredness or weakness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Pale skin
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Chest pains


Treatment of anemia in pregnancy


Iron deficiency can be easily reversed by including iron-rich food and iron supplements in your diet. In rare cases of severe anemia, more aggressive treatment like blood transfusions may be required.

 

Prevention of pregnancy anemia


The best way to tackle anemia in pregnancy is by prevention. The recommended dietary intake of iron for pregnant women in India is about 35 mg per day. This can be achieved by including iron-rich foods in diet like green leafy vegetables, eggs, red meat, poultry, nuts, seeds, beans, etc. Vitamin C helps with better absorption of iron and can be obtained from citrus fruits, berries, bell peppers, tomatoes, etc.


It is difficult to get the necessary amount of iron through diet alone, hence iron supplements are widely recommended by doctors. Iron supplements should be a part of your prenatal vitamins and should not be missed. Regular checks of hemoglobin levels can also be done to prevent anemia and complications of anemia during pregnancy.

 

Also read: Pregnant? Here is The Ultimate Diet Plan to Meet Your Nutritional Needs!

 

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Comments (3)



meenu

Dear mam meri shadi ko ek saal ho gya hai but main abhi tak pregnant nhi hui hu whts the reason please tell mam

komal

Mam can i take honey in pregnancy

Shraddha Sharma

Hi mam before pregnancy my weight was 47 and I now I am have5 month pregnancy and weight is 47 only so what I can do

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