Stem Cell Banking : All Questions Answered

Recently, there has been lots of news on stem cell related therapies and treatments. Scientists and doctors worldwide have invested a lot of hope and expectations in this upcoming sector as these cells seem able to cure a number of life threatening diseases. Know more about stem cell banking pros and cons in this FAQ

But, what actually are these stem cells?

Stem cells are master cells that have the capability to multiply and give rise to specific cell types. They also possess the ability to regenerate.

What are the different types of stem cells?

There are three different types of stem cells:

1. Totipotent stem cells:

Can develop into any type of cell. These are found in the embryonic stage and are still under research.

2. Pluripotent stem cells:

Can develop into different types of cells but have limited developing capability as compared to Totipotent stem cells.

3. Multipotent stem cells:

These are more specialised cells and can develop into only specific types of cell. For eg: Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) can develop into platelets, RBCs (Red Blood Cells) and other blood cells.

What is cord blood? And what is its importance?

The blood that is left behind in the umbilical cord (cord that connects the baby with the mother, when in the womb) after delivery is called cord blood. Cord blood is a rich source of Haematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs). Collecting and preserving these cells can prove to be extremely useful for the baby and its family.

HSCs are successfully being used for curing various oncological, immune and blood related diseases. And the future too is extremely bright for these cells. Research is in progress for extending the usage of HSCs for the treatment of diseases like Autism and traumatic brain injury.

When is the cord blood collected?

Cord blood is collected from the umbilical cord immediately after a baby's birth, but generally before the placenta has been delivered.

How are Haematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) from cord blood different from HSCs from other sources?

All stem cell transplants require a donor-recipient match (HLA match) to be done. It is evident that cord blood Haematopoietic Stem Cells may not require as strict an HLA match as that required for sources like bone marrow or the peripheral blood stream since they have less mature antigens (antigens are foreign substances that induce an immune response in the body). It indicates that transplants involving HSCs from cord blood will cause less adverse reactions because the donor's cells will be accepted by the recipient more easily. These cells will not be identified as foreign bodies and hence will not be attacked by the recipient's immune system.

Why should a family choose to bank their baby's cord blood?

Cord blood banking is similar to buying a bio-insurance policy for the entire family. It gives you a simple and painless option of securing your baby's and family's health.

This blood is rich in Haematopoietic Stem Cells that form the building-blocks of the human body. They possess the capability to multiply; regenerate and can give rise to specific cell types. What's more, these cells possess the power to cure more than 80+ medical conditions.

Not just your baby, but the entire family (you, your spouse and baby's siblings) can benefit from these cells due to greater matching capability.

What is cord tissue? Why should it be preserved?

Cord tissue that is rich in Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) is present in the Wharton's Jelly of the umbilical cord. MSCs are in advanced research stages for the treatment of diseases like Parkinson's disease, Cerebral Palsy and Alzheimer's disease. Storing these cells can open doors to various treatments for the baby and its family in the future (if need be).

When is the cord tissue collected?

The umbilical cord is cleaned and stored after the cord blood is collected.

Is the cord blood collection procedure safe for the mother and the baby?

The collection is safe for both mother and the baby as the cord blood is taken from the cord once it has been clamped and baby is separated. It is safe and painless for both normal and caesarean deliveries.

How can I use the cord blood stem cells?

Banked cord blood is readily accessible and there when you need it. Matched stem cells, which are necessary for transplant, are difficult to obtain due to strict matching requirements. If your child's cord blood is banked, no time is wasted in the search and matching process required when a transplant is needed.

Cells taken from your newborn are collected just once and last for his or her lifetime.

For example, in the event your child contracts a disease, which must be treated with chemotherapy or radiation, there is a probability of a negative impact on the immune system. While an autologous (self) transplant may not be appropriate for every disease,  there could be a benefit in using the preserved stem cells to bolster and repopulate your child's blood and immune system.


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Comments (38)

anyone experienced . is it really useful

I also need to know , is it  necessary to preserve stem cells??? unable to decide 😣shud  go for it or not.

Yeah is it really useful?

is it really useful ?????

hello...I'm a dentist who has worked with stem cells before..the thing is nothing has been proved as yet..they say it's useful but it's all theory now.. practically application will happen much later so it's more like a safety net for the child so that if it needs any help in diabetes or heart disorders much later in life..the research would b more extensive till then n hopefully in practice

I have consulted many doctors and they all say the same thing. It is not helpful in diabetes or blood pressure. It is only useful in thalassemia.

This is a very biased article.. babg cord blood is very very precious for the baby for the short and long term and rather than clamping the cord and storing the blood for a rare possible future use (that infact is not proven) its definately more advisable to let the baby have the blood at birth instead. Please watch this video

I agree with Priyanka Gupta and Shipra Dang Kataria. my gynecologist said the same thing that the research is under process and this will take tym . One more thing he told us that it cures some particular blood disorders not all life threatening disease. And it should be renew  every year that is very costly. I'm also confused to take decision about stem cells preservation.

Its very useful it helps in cures like blood cancer where bone marrow transplant is needed. some times it can help you also if u catch similiar disease. it has various uses please check lifecell cord banking website for full details as they have examples of such case. and out of india stem cell banking is promoted for similiar reasons

I just enrolled for stem cell sounds useful ....hav taken frm lifecell; they hav diff plans i don't hav to renew every year tym payment option is beneficial

Today I had an free presentation from reelab for stem cell even they told us it's one time investment don't have to renew they have two options for 21 years and other one for lifetime and EMI facilities are also there... But we are not sure whether to go for it or not

This is so well written.

Thanks a lot for this article.... Its helpful to take decision weather to take or not. We have not opted for the stem cell

Yeah for life time package cost is 75000 rs with registration amount .
But my husband is not understanding ..

This is exactly what I was looking for.

Me and my husband are confused too. Mrs Chhoker Kritz Nitika Chopra Aditi Ahuja Tabassum shaikh Taheseen Asif Naiyya Saggi Dr. Payal M DrShilpa Singhal Mamta Goel Dr. Shilpitha Shanthappa Kavita Sahany asha chaudhry Richa Chowdhary Revauthi Rajamani Vidya Rathod Rebecca Prakash Neha Mani Mishra Khushboo Chouhan Swati Upadhyay Harshmita Walia Priti Raghuvanshi Rashmi Choudhury Jayalakshmi Nair Priya Dubey what do you all suggest?

AMRITA MALLIK that's the same thing with us, we are also quite confused whether to go for it or not. I am deciding to plan a meeting with company let's see... But so much confused 🙄

Beena chile can you plz tell me how much they are asking for one time payment

We did not take it as they are still doing the study and research no confirmation.. All they is it may cure thyroid.. It may cure this and that. My gynecologist too said for Indian set up it won't work out.

What i have read is that amount of cird blood is so less that it is less likely that it could be of any use above the age of 12 years for the baby..rather than immediate clamping..delayed clamping is better

Aditi Ahuja Kavita Sahany Bhavna Anadkat Taheseen Asif Tabassum shaikh Priya Sood Vidya Rathod Rebecca Prakash Khushboo Chouhan Rashmi Choudhury Priya Dubey Priti Raghuvanshi Satarupa B Kaur Sania Bhushan Madhavi Cholera
Revauthi Rajamani Mrs Chhoker Akanksha Bajaj(ida_tales) Kritz Nitika Chopra Naiyya Saggi Resham Java Kruti Nirmal Ankita Aggarwal Prashanthi srikanth asha chaudhry
Swati Upadhyay Harshmita Walia Neha Mani Mishra DrShilpa Singhal Shruti Budihal Paromita Chakraborty sujata prava Naiyya Saggi Shruti Budihal Teju Gowda somyashree. R Tabassum shaikh Aisha Shamsi Archita Bhattacharjee akanksha singh AKANSHA DIXIT Cherry Bansal Karuna Gandhi Ekta Daniel nimmi rathore Kattamoori bhuvana
vikas Joshi Bijal Joshi Abhijit Rout DrShilpa Singhal Dr. Payal M Jayalakshmi Nair Dr. Ketaki Pawar.
All the scientific details have been explained properly. Please be informed before making a decision!

It gives quite a lot of information and is helpful..and yes people are confused about it..

This is so well written.

Wish I had done this for my first child, she would have been alive today

मुझे इस लेख की ही तलाश थी!

I m to be second tym mommy. I have preserved cord of our 1st baby already. It is imp to preserve it for second one too.

Cherry Bansal please open the links at the end of the article and fill them up to get contacted
Anvita Dekhane Naiyya Saggi please help!

Happy to help Cherry! We will def. get in touch with her Amrita :)
Pls. go ahead and fill out the form - and we will get in touch with you accordingly!

I booked a presentation recently and the representative explained very clearly. But I ended up not registering. Why, because the offer wasn't good enough 😀 When my sister-in-law registered she was given gift vouchers worth 30k from Mom n Me I guess. And I remember she shopped seat, walker, pram, etc. 😊😊
But on a serious note I felt that the procedure to claim would be too lengthy. Everything is not as easy as it sounds. In India there are only a few cases which used this procedure.

Hi All, Can anyone suggest whether to preserve stem cell or not? Unable to decide

This is exactly what I was looking for.

Sounds like so much fun.

Sounds like so much fun.

I have decided to preserve stem cells. Can u people suggest which company will be good?

It's money game...

Anita ji... If you have already decided to preserve the stem cell... Then LIFECELL would be the right option I guess. They offer one time payment for lifetime preservation. It would be around 65000 all together (I don't remember exactly). Google it. You will find LIFECELL easily

I live in Tamil nadu n i will be delivering our 2nd baby in Rajasthan, so how can I preserve stem cells of my baby..
Can anybody help ??

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