12 Oct 2022 | 2 min Read
Dr Archana Dhawan Bajaj
Author | 2 Articles
Molar pregnancy is a rare condition characterized by the abnormal mass of tissue or tumor growth in the uterus instead of the placenta. 1 in 1000 pregnancies is diagnosed as a molar pregnancy.
Molar pregnancy could be a partial molar or complete molar pregnancy, Partial molar pregnancy is one in which the placental, as well as the embryo (fertilized eggs), are abnormal. On the other hand, a complete molar pregnancy has no fetal tissue formation and abnormal cell growth in the placenta.
Molar pregnancy could be a result of an issue in the fertilization of the egg. Women with maternal age above 35 years and below 20 years of age or with a history of previous molar pregnancy are known to be at a higher risk of developing a molar pregnancy.
A molar pregnancy could seem to be like a normal pregnancy at first with a few symptoms like:
· Vaginal bleeding in the first trimester (bright red or dark brown)
· Pelvic pain or pelvic pressure
· Severe nausea and vomiting
· Occasional passage if grapelike cyst from the vagina.
Besides these symptoms, there are a few signs of molar pregnancy that a mother might experience. They include:
· High blood pressure
· Rapidly growing uterus (larger than the pregnancy stage)
· Ovarian cyst
In case of any such symptoms or a known history of molar pregnancy, the doctor should be consulted immediately to avoid serious complications.
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