Understanding Molar Pregnancy

Understanding Molar Pregnancy

12 Oct 2022 | 2 min Read

Dr Archana Dhawan Bajaj

Author | 2 Articles

Molar pregnancy is a rare condition characterized by the abnormal mass of tissue or tumor growth in the uterus instead of the placenta. 1 in 1000 pregnancies is diagnosed as a molar pregnancy.

Molar pregnancy could be a partial molar or complete molar pregnancy, Partial molar pregnancy is one in which the placental, as well as the embryo (fertilized eggs), are abnormal. On the other hand, a complete molar pregnancy has no fetal tissue formation and abnormal cell growth in the placenta.

Molar pregnancy could be a result of an issue in the fertilization of the egg. Women with maternal age above 35 years and below 20 years of age or with a history of previous molar pregnancy are known to be at a higher risk of developing a molar pregnancy.

A molar pregnancy could seem to be like a normal pregnancy at first with a few symptoms like:

· Vaginal bleeding in the first trimester (bright red or dark brown)

· Pelvic pain or pelvic pressure

· Severe nausea and vomiting

· Occasional passage if grapelike cyst from the vagina.

Besides these symptoms, there are a few signs of molar pregnancy that a mother might experience. They include:

· Anemia

· High blood pressure

· Rapidly growing uterus (larger than the pregnancy stage)

· Preeclampsia

· Ovarian cyst

· Hyperthyroidism

In case of any such symptoms or a known history of molar pregnancy, the doctor should be consulted immediately to avoid serious complications.

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