12 Feb 2022 | 14 min Read
Author | 625 Articles
Ovulation is a part of the menstrual cycle that women experience from the onset of puberty until menopause. It is a process in which the body releases an egg from an ovary in preparation for sperm to fertilise it.
Understanding how ovulation happens and when it takes place can help you conceive or prevent pregnancy. Besides, it can help you diagnose certain medical conditions.
Gone are the days when pregnancy was a matter of chance, good timing and perhaps some prayers. Today, technology tools like ovulation calendars have eliminated the guesswork.
We are here to talk about everything you need to know about ovulation.
Ovulation occurs when an egg is released from a woman’s ovary. When the egg is released, it may or may not be fertilised by sperm.
If fertilised, the egg might travel to the uterus and implant to develop into a pregnancy. Whereas, if left unfertilized, the egg disintegrates and the uterine lining is shed during the period.
Check your Fertile Days on BabyChakra’s Ovulation calculator.
In an average 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation usually occurs about 14 days before the start of the next menstrual period.
However, each woman’s cycle length might be different. Plus, the time between ovulation and the start of the next menstrual period may also vary.
If you don’t have a 28-day menstrual cycle like many women, you can determine the length of your cycle and when you’re most likely to ovulate by keeping a menstrual calendar.
What is the ovulation period? Here’s the answer
An egg can be fertilised between 12 to 24 hours after ovulation. The specific length of time that it takes for the egg to be released by the ovary and picked up by the fallopian tube varies. But it occurs 12 to 24 hours after a surge of the hormone LH.
During ovulation, the body produces the highest amounts of the hormone oestrogen.
This surge of hormones during the ovulation cycle causes the ovaries to release the egg into the fallopian tubes. The egg then travels through them towards the uterus. Oestrogen has already caused the uterus to thicken and prepares it for implantation.
Once the egg is released by the ovaries, the levels of oestrogen in the body begin to fall.
What are the ovulation symptoms? We have the answer to your question:
Some women also experience the following signs of ovulation:
It’s common to experience pain during ovulation. Research suggests that up to 40% of women who ovulate feel some discomfort around the midpoint of their menstrual cycle.
Such a condition is known as mittelschmerz, which means “middle pain” in German.
The pain can range from mild to severe and usually occurs each month. You would feel it on either the left or right side of the lower abdomen, depending on which ovary is releasing an egg that month.
Ovulation pain might feel achy, or sharp like a cramp. Some of the symptoms of ovulation pain are:
You can consult a doctor if you experience severe pain. Pain during ovulation can be a sign of underlying conditions like –
Women can usually get pregnant if they are having unprotected sex just before or during ovulation. It is likely for her to conceive if she has sex within a day or two of ovulation.
However, it is also possible for women to become pregnant if they have sex up to several days before ovulation. This is so because the sperm can swim up the fallopian tubes to wait for the ovaries to release the egg.
The fertility awareness methods, which people might also know as natural family planning or the rhythm method, can help people plan their sexual activity around their ovulation.
There are different ways in which you can track your ovulation to determine when you are most fertile:
However, these might be inaccurate in some women, including those with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
There are several apps that play the role of ovulation trackers. Some of these are:
Although ovulation and fertility are closely connected, they are different.
Ovulation occurs when an egg is released from an ovary. A woman conceives when an egg is fertilised by a sperm. The fertilised egg gets attached to the lining of the uterus.
On the other hand, fertility describes the likelihood of getting pregnant. It lets you know when you are likely to get pregnant in the menstrual cycle.
Couples might decide to have or avoid sex that can lead to pregnancy during this time.
Pregnancy can occur anywhere from five days before and one day after ovulation. This is so because sperm can survive in the vagina for up to five days and an egg can live for about 24 hours after it is released.
The menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days and can be divided into three phases:
This is the period of fertility. Plus, it lasts from 24 to 48 hours.
If a woman is not pregnant, the lining of the uterus begins to break down and prepares to leave the body during menstruation.
If you are conducting a test at home, you can measure hormone levels in urine, while a doctor might use both urine and blood tests.
Most pregnancy test kits come in a box that contains one or two long sticks. You need to urinate on the stick and the result appears on the stick after a few minutes.
Pregnancy test kit checks your urine or blood for a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). Your body makes this hormone after a fertilised egg attaches to the wall of your uterus.
This usually happens about six days after fertilisation. The level of HCG rises rapidly, doubling every two to three days.
Some of the hormones that are tested for ovulation are:
A commercial urine test can measure both luteinizing hormone and E3G levels.
There is also a commercial test for urine progesterone which appears as “pregnanediol-3-glucuronide” on the label.
There are several things to think about after a miscarriage. To prevent infection, the woman should avoid sexual intercourse until they no longer have physical symptoms.
Menstruation can start again after one to two months after the pregnancy loss. But cycles might be irregular for several more months.
To make it easier to calculate dates, some women choose to wait until they have at least one period before they conceive again.
It is advisable to consult a doctor before they try to conceive again if they have experienced one of the following:
Health conditions that affect ovulation are:
Some of its causes are:
It might result from an autoimmune disease, genetic abnormalities, or environmental toxins, and usually happens before the age of 40.
Fertility drugs can induce ovulation and doctors might prescribe the following if a woman has stopped ovulating:
Ovulation bleeding is the bleeding that occurs around the time of ovulation, when the ovary releases an egg.
In the days leading up to ovulation, oestrogen levels rapidly rise. After an egg is released, the oestrogen levels fall, and progesterone levels increase.
This shift in the balance between the levels of oestrogen and progesterone can cause light bleeding, usually much lighter than a regular period.
Mostly, it does not cause any other symptoms. If a woman experiences other symptoms like cramping, alongside the bleeding or it lasts more than a few days, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
Ovulation disorders are the most common causes of infertility in women. These are defined as the disturbances in the production of an egg during a woman’s menstrual cycle and are caused by problems with the regulation of reproductive hormones.
The symptoms of ovulation disorders are:
Some treatment options for ovulation disorders include:
Doctors monitor patients on these medications, which are mostly taken orally.
Here are certain pregnancy tips that you need to know:
You can consult your doctor about any prescription or over-the-counter medications as they might affect your chance of getting pregnant.
It is important for men to improve their reproductive health too. This can be done by quitting smoking, limiting alcohol, eating healthy, and lowering stress.
Ovulation pain is nothing to worry about. However, it is advisable to consult your doctor if the pain is severe.
Before an egg is released, the follicle growth stretches the surface of your ovary. This causes ovulation pain. Besides, blood or fluid released from the ruptured follicle irritates the lining of your abdomen, leading to pain.
There are different ways to know that you are ovulating:
Ovulation occurs 12 to 14 days before your next period starts.
Yes, you can get pregnant after ovulation. If you have sex within 12–24 hours after the release of a mature egg, there is a high chance of conceiving.
Patience and persistence are the watchwords when you’re trying to conceive. Just keep an eye on the common signs and symptoms of ovulation and then you can plan a candlelit dinner, draw a warm bubble bath or go on a romantic weekend getaway to set the mood for the perfect night that might let you welcome your baby after nine months.
If you want to get pregnant, you can consider making a preconception appointment with a doctor. The doctor would answer any questions you might have about ovulation and tracking, as well as advise you on how to time intercourse to increase your chances.