27 Sep 2021 | 6 min Read
Author | 3 Articles
Diabetes mellitus is a category of disorders characterised by high blood sugar levels, and gestational diabetes, which is a kind of diabetes that develops owing to hormonal changes during pregnancy. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, women who acquire gestational diabetes did not have the condition before pregnancy (NIDDK). Now, let’s understand more about pregnancy diabetes, its symptoms and treatment to cure it.
Gestational diabetes is a health condition during pregnancy in which your blood sugar level goes up. Although it is not a typical scenario, around 11% of women are affected by gestational diabetes in India.
There are two types of Gestational diabetes- Class A1 and Class A2. Pregnant women can manage class A1 diabetes through a healthy gestational diabetes diet and exercise, but those with Class A2 diabetes need to take insulin and other medications prescribed by the doctor.
As its name implies, pregnancy diabetes goes away after childbirth, but it can affect your child’s health and increase the chance of getting Type 2 diabetes in the future. However, you can adopt specific steps to keep you and your baby healthy.
Women with gestational diabetes do not report any unusual symptoms as diabetes comes out in routine blood tests. Still, there are some of the signs:
During pregnancy, hormones build up glucose in your blood, and to manage it, your pancreas releases sufficient insulin. But when your body cannot release the required amount of insulin, the blood sugar levels get up, resulting in pregnancy diabetes.
The following are some of the risk factors for pregnancy diabetes:
To diagnose gestational diabetes, you will need to go through the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). A doctor will need to collect your blood every 2 to 3 hours to diagnose gestational diabetes symptoms in this diagnosis. If your blood glucose levels are high, you probably have the disease. This pregnancy diabetes is like other kinds of diabetes that get diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy.
If you’re overweight and do regular physical activity before getting pregnant, you can overcome it. But if you’re already pregnant, don’t try to lose weight. For your baby to be healthy, you’ll need to gain some weight- but not too quickly.
Women can manage pregnancy diabetes with healthy lifestyle changes and a proper diet.
Eat a variety of foods that make your diet nutritionally balanced. Make sure the intake of Saturated fat is less than 10%. You may get a prescribed supplement for Vitamins and Minerals to fill the gap.
You can control it by eating a well-balanced and healthful diet and some exercise.
Staying fit and active is also vital during pregnancy. Follow good posture as it will further help you to manage backache during pregnancy. Moderate physical activity is suitable for a healthy pregnancy. It additionally lowers blood sugar levels too.
Uncontrolled gestational diabetes can result in high blood sugar levels. And high blood sugar levels can further increase issues for both you and your baby, including an increased probability of requiring a C-section delivery.
Warning signs of gestational diabetes include sugar in the urine, unusual thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, nausea, blurred vision, vaginal, bladder and skin infections.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are more likely to develop in children when a mother develops gestational diabetes. It can cause the death of a newborn before or shortly after birth.
Due to difficulties that can emerge during pregnancy and childbirth, women with diabetes during pregnancy, known as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), may require high-risk prenatal care. Preeclampsia, a disorder characterized by high blood pressure caused by pregnancy, is more common in women with GDM.
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