The first trimester of the pregnancy is the most crucial period for the mother as well as the fetus. In this period the fetus starts attaching to the uterus wall (implantation). It is also the most important stage for the baby’s organ and structural development. The mother is expected to the very careful during this period as it is a high-risk period for my kind of birth defects to develop in the fetus and miscarriage.
Here are a few things the expecting mother should keep in mind especially during her first trimester:
Focus on taking multivitamins - A balanced dose of multivitamins and nutrients supports the healthy growth and development of the fetus, reduces the risk of birth defects, and prevents miscarriage. Folic acid, iron, and calcium are required in higher quantities during pregnancy.
Get a good amount of sleep - Have a good 8-9 hours of daily sleep along with a few naps in the day. This can help reduce the anxiety and stress during the pregnancy due to various hormonal changes taking place.
Be physically active - Keep yourself active during your pregnancy by including mild exercises, walks, yoga, etc. it helps you manage your pregnancy mood swings, nausea, insomnia, weight gain, and stress. As per your health condition consult your expert and choose an appropriate exercise that can keep you active.
Timely visit to the dentist - Bad oral health can lead to the accumulation of various bacteria in the mouth leading to several infections. Bad oral health can increase the risk of miscarriage due to the production of pro-inflammatory mediators in the body. It also increases the risk of premature delivery, pre-eclampsia, low birth weight, and other oral diseases. A periodic visit to the dentist can prevent such conditions.
Gain healthy weight and stay hydrated - Eating for two is ok, but not in excess. Have proper meal planning and snacking habits. Add more proteins, fiber, and other nutrient-rich food to your diet. Along with a balanced diet keep yourself hydrated the entire day. Dehydration, bad nutrition, and excess weight gain can lead to an increased risk of neural tube defects, heart defects, premature delivery, low birth weight, and other pregnancy complications.
Stay vaccinated - Keep yourself vaccinated with the flu shot and other vaccinations to prevent serious infections during pregnancy. Consult your doctor and keep a check on the vaccinations to take during pregnancy.