14 Mar 2018 | 9 min Read
Dr Saurabh Dani
Author | 10 Articles
The most traumatic pregnancy experience that can possibly be is that of losing a baby even before having one! The term as we know it, miscarriage – is defined as the natural loss of the baby dies in the womb before the 20th week of pregnancy. If stats are to be believed, around 15 % of pregnancies that are identified or those that test positive, can end in a miscarriage. The brutal fact is there are some women who happen to miscarry even before they know that they are pregnant!
Most miscarriages happen in the first trimester, meaning before 13 weeks. Second-trimester miscarriages are comparatively less in number. However, there are cases,, where a fetal loss is reported post the 20th week. This condition is termed as fetal demise in the utero.
Miscarriage is defined as the loss of pregnancy, which occurs when the baby isn’t able to survive in the womb.
Almost half of all miscarriages are linked to missing chromosomes. The chromosome abnormalities are most typically caused due to improper embryo division and development, rather than due to genes or hereditary factors.
Vaginal bleeding is the hallmark sign of a miscarriage. Apart from that, some of the other signs and symptoms of a miscarriage include
Miscarriages are classified as threatened, inevitable, complete, incomplete or missed. Find out more about these sorts in the sections below.
In case of an inevitable miscarriage, there is a lot more vaginal bleeding and severe l cramps in the lower stomach. Your cervix may open during this miscarriage, and the growing foetus may be washed away with the blood.
A complete miscarriage occurs when all of the pregnancy tissue leaves your uterus. This condition is accompanied by vaginal bleeding that lasts for a few days. You may also experience cramping discomfort, similar to labour or heavy menstruation as the uterus contracts to empty.
An incomplete miscarriage is when some tissues are held back in the uterus after a miscarriage. In this case, the uterus tries to empty itself and you may experience constant vaginal bleeding and lower abdominal cramps.
Missed miscarriage is a type, where the foetus doesn’t survive, yet remains in the uterus. In this case, you may experience a brownish discharge and some pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea and fatigue. Missed miscarriage requires immediate medical care and attention.
Causes of Miscarriage
What causes miscarriage? Well, about half of all miscarriages in the first trimester are caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the parent’s sperm, which may be the result of genetics. Some other causes of miscarriage include:
The risk of miscarriage may increase due to the following factors
An ultrasound scan or scans are frequently used to diagnose or confirm the miscarriage. The person doing the scan must be positive that the baby (or fetus or embryo) has survived or has not matured. This may need many scans – normally separated by at least one week.
Unfortunately, once a miscarriage has occurred, it cannot be reversed. However, you can avoid certain issues with medication or treatments like dilation and curettage. You can also opt for doctor counselling and assistance which are also readily accessible.
Miscarriage is a terrible occurrence that affects each woman differently. It can result in sadness, anxiety, melancholy, and even PTSD symptoms (PTSD). Depression after miscarriage is quite normal. After a miscarriage, it’s natural to experience great loss and grief.
Preparing for and maintaining a healthy lifestyle before and during pregnancy can be beneficial. Here are some suggestions on how to avoid miscarriage:
Miscarriage is always a one-time occurrence. After a miscarriage, the majority of women go on to have healthy pregnancies. A tiny percentage of women, about 1%, will experience multiple miscarriages. After one miscarriage, the probability of miscarriage in a subsequent pregnancy is estimated to be around 20%.
Q1: When to try to conceive after a miscarriage?
After a miscarriage, you can ovulate and become pregnant as soon as two weeks later. Ask the doctor for advice once you feel emotionally and physically ready for pregnancy after miscarriage..
Q2 How long does a miscarriage last?
A woman may suffer a miscarriage early in her pregnancy and only experience bleeding and discomfort for a few hours or for a week. The bleeding can be heavy and clot-filled, but it gradually fades over days until ceasing completely, generally within two weeks.
Q3 What should you not do after a miscarriage?
Your menstruation should begin within 4 to 6 weeks after the miscarriage. For roughly 1-2 weeks, don’t put anything in your body, even a tampon, and avoid sex after miscarriage. It may take longer for your body to recover emotionally, particularly if you were aware that you were pregnant at the time of your miscarriage.
Q4 What does an early miscarriage look like?
During the early miscarriage, the bleeding might begin as light spotting. You may experience heavier bleeding later, or it may be severe from the start. The blood might look pinkish, bright red, or brown in colour. You can also experience cramps.
Q5 Are miscarriages painful?
Not all miscarriages are physically painful but the majority of women experience cramps. For some people, the cramps are really severe, while for others, they are mild (like a period or less). It’s also common to have vaginal bleeding.
After a miscarriage, it’s critical to give your body some time to heal physically and emotionally. Above all, don’t hold it against yourself. You should consult your doctor who can assist you in coping with your loss and provide you with the best treatment possible. Also, if you’re suffering from diabetes during pregnancy, then you can grab some information about gestational diabetes. And if you want to know about fertility treatment, then head out to it to know more!
What is Placenta: During pregnancy, you are nurturing your baby within you. However, there’s something else growing in your uterus too that is responsible for keeping your baby alive is known as Placenta! Read on to find out more about it!