14 Nov 2018 | 8 min Read
Author | 625 Articles
During pregnancy, everything you eat gets shared with your growing baby. That’s the reason you add sliced fruit to your fortified breakfast cereal, top your salads with chickpeas and snack on almonds.
There’s a plethora of foods to eat during pregnancy. But the question is: what not to eat during pregnancy? Are there foods to avoid during pregnancy? Yes, not every food is safe to eat during this crucial time. Some foods might be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of the germs or chemicals they contain. It can be a real bummer if you’re a die-hard fan of sushi or coffee. Fortunately, there’s more you can eat than what you can’t. Here’s a list of foods to avoid during pregnancy.
Pregnancy affects the immune system which makes some women more vulnerable to infection. There are foods that carry bacteria like Listeria, Salmonella or E. coli. or other infectious germs that might cause problems during pregnancy.
Even in cases where the pregnant woman does not feel sick, some of the germs might still affect the foetus.
Plus, there are certain pregnancy foods to avoid as your baby’s immune system has not developed yet to fight off the germs and is at an increased risk for developing a serious infection or even birth defects.
During pregnancy, it is advisable to avoid certain foods because these might be contaminated with bacteria that can be fatal for the foetus. Here’s a list of food to avoid during pregnancy:
The bigger and older the fish is, the more mercury it’s likely to contain. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) suggests all pregnant mums to avoid:
Some of these infections might only affect you and cause dehydration and weakness.
Other infections can be passed on to your baby with serious, or even fatal, consequences.
These might threaten the health of the foetus, possibly leading to stillbirth or severe neurological illnesses, including intellectual disability, blindness, and epilepsy.
Cut meat, including meat patties, burgers, minced meat, pork, and poultry, should not be consumed raw or undercooked.
Some of the foods that commonly contain raw eggs include:
It is one of the foods to avoid in the first month of pregnancy too!
Expecting mums should limit their caffeine intake because it causes blood vessels in the uterus and placenta to constrict. This in turn reduces the blood supply to the foetus and inhibits growth.
Plus, excess caffeine intake cause miscarriage, preterm birth (birth that happens before 37 weeks of pregnancy), low birth weight (when your baby is born weighing less than 2 kg, and withdrawal symptoms in infants.
It can also potentially disrupt foetal stress hormones, putting infants at risk for rapid weight gain after birth and for heart disease, obesity, and diabetes later in life.
Mums should limit caffeine to 200 mg a day.
The humid environment required by seeds to start sprouting is ideal for these kinds of bacteria, and are usually almost impossible to wash off.
The surface of unwashed or unpeeled fruits and vegetables might be contaminated with several bacteria and parasites which can be acquired from the soil or through handling.
According to research, most infants who are infected with the Toxoplasma bacteria while still in the womb have no symptoms at birth. Symptoms such as blindness or intellectual disabilities are prominent later in life.
Even a small amount can negatively impact the unborn baby’s brain development.
In addition to these, drinking alcohol during pregnancy can also cause foetal alcohol syndrome, which involves facial deformities, heart defects and intellectual disability.
Research shows that processed junk foods contain excess added sugar that can lead to compulsive overeating.
It is also linked with health conditions such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and inflammatory diseases.
You can use only two to three strands in any preparation, as too much of saffron might adversely affect the foetus.
Although bromelain is found in the core of the pineapple, very little is actually in the flesh of the pineapple which is what we consume. The amount of bromelain in a single serving of pineapple isn’t likely to impact an expecting mum.
So, these were some of the fruits to avoid in pregnancy. We know it might be a little difficult if you have some of your favourites listed above. Instead, you can choose some of the healthy drinks during pregnancy.
Expecting mums should be careful about what they consume during this crucial time. If they accidentally eat one of the above mentioned foods to avoid during pregnancy, it can be fatal for the health of the developing baby.
For instance, if you consume foods that are contaminated with harmful bacteria, it can lead to premature delivery, uterine contractions, vaginal bleeding, miscarriage, stillbirth, and other serious health problems.
Some of the complications can also pose a higher risk of chronic diseases in adulthood.
During pregnancy, it’s essential to avoid foods and beverages that might put you and your baby at risk. We hope that our list of foods to avoid during pregnancy help you throughout the journey.
Although most foods and beverages are perfectly safe to enjoy, raw fish, unpasteurised dairy, alcohol, caffeine and high mercury fish should be avoided.
Drinking even moderate amounts of alcohol during pregnancy might lead to miscarriage.
Rich in carbohydrates, bananas prevent anaemia and help maintain colon health. Bananas also help ease morning sickness during pregnancy. But, if you are allergic to bananas, it is advisable to avoid it.
There’s no evidence that states that cold water is harmful for pregnant women. However, cold water makes more combustion that’s needed. As the body temperature rises when consuming cold water, expecting mums get tired easily.
Therefore, it is advisable to limit the intake of cold water during pregnancy.
Pasteurised milk is the best for pregnancy as raw milk usually contains bacteria that can be dangerous for you and your unborn baby.